Originally Published: May 19, 2019, 5 AM By Paul Gilkes via Coinworld.com

Johnson Matthey forecasts in its latest metals report that the platinum market will experience shortages in 2019, joining palladium.

The recently released report suggests 2019 investment demand for platinum at 858,000 ounces, compared with 67,000 ounces in 2018, projecting a platinum deficit of 127,000 ounces, following record surplus in 2018 of 375,000 ounces, up from 344,000 ounces in 2017.

Platinum supply was totaled at 4,450,000 ounces in 2017, 4,467,000 in 2018 and projected at 4,565,000 ounces in 2019, with more than 70 percent of that supply coming from South African mining. Total net demand for platinum was 6,079,000 ounces in 2017, 5,741,000 ounces in 2018 and is forecast at 6,316,000 ounces for 2019.

Total palladium supply was reported at 6,408,000 ounces in 2017 and 6,977,000 ounces in 2018 and is forecast at 6,996,000 ounces for 2019. Total net demand for palladium was listed at 7,283,000 ounces for 2017, decreasing to  7,098,000 ounces for 2018 and forecast at 7,805,000 ounces for 2019.

According to the firm, “During the first quarter of 2019, investors took advantage of low platinum prices to purchase nearly 700,000 oz of platinum ETFs [exchange-traded-funds]. The steep climb in the palladium price since August 2018 has led some investors to conclude that platinum appears under-priced, in view of its potential to substitute for palladium in automotive applications.â€

Additionally, “In Japan, investors have historically taken advantage of periods of negative market sentiment to buy into falling platinum prices; this means that Japanese investment demand often runs counter to trends elsewhere in the world,†according to the Johnson Matthey report. “Between 2015 and 2018, as the retail platinum price moved down through Â¥4,000 [equivalent to $36.58 in U.S. dollars] and then Â¥3,500 per gram, and to a historically wide discount to gold, Japanese investors acquired over 1.5 million ounces of platinum in the form of bars purchased over the counter from bullion houses.â€


Concerning investment in palladium exchange-traded funds, “At their height in 2014, ETFs held nearly 3 million ounces of palladium. In the four years since then, the redemption of these holdings has added more than 2.2 million ounces of liquidity to the market; by the end of last year, just 710,000 oz remained. However, in early 2019 — as the palladium price set a series of new records on its way to a peak of over $1,600 in March — ETF selling all but dried up. Net ETF investment in the first quarter was close to zero.â€